Length is 4.5 - 5.7 inches, including a tail of 0.6 - 1 inch; weight is 0.9 - 1.6 ounces. Remark: To me, the lemming drawing doesn't look like a Normay lemming as written in this remark. Southern Bog Lemmings feed on the tender succulent parts of herbaceous plants and will occasionally eat mosses, fungi, bark, roots and some invertebrates (Linzey 1983). Stone’s southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi stonei) Characteristics. They look a great deal like a meadow vole with brown fur and a stocky body. The southern bog lemming is active throughout the year. Systematic searches in appropriate habitats in the White Mountain National Forest located 1 Keen … Southern bog lemming (Synaptomys Cooperi) local Eastern woodrat (Neotoma floridana) common Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) common White-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) common Western harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis) common Plains harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys … The Southern bog lemming is not found to hibernate (Linzey 1983). The northern bog lemming does not … The upper incisors are longitudinally grooved.The upper parts are mixed black, gray, and yellowish brown, giving a grizzled cinnamon brown appearance. Populations in Washington, which are found mainly in the northeastern part of the state, occur at the southern edge of the species' range and may therefore be … Some county occurrences indicated below may be too imprecise to map above. The belly is silver-gray. Southern bog lemmings also use tunnels and burrows. The ears barely show through puffy head fur. •They excrete bright green fecal pellets due to the large amount of green vegetation consumed. Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 - house mouse I . The Kansas Department of Wildlife & Parks lists southern bog lemmings as a species in need of conservation. Two subspecies of the Southern Bog Lemming occur in Kansas; Synaptomys cooperi gossi in the eastern half of the state and Synaptomys cooperi paludis in a … Lemming predators include Snowy Owls, Gulls, Arctic Foxes, and even … It is an herbivore adapted to eating coarse vegetation, grasses, sedges, mushrooms, … The dominance of southern bog lemmings and woodland voles.--It is likely that this unusual pair of dominant rodents resulted from the absence of the large and usually common oldfield rodents in our region, especially meadow voles and hispid cotton rats. See the Southern Bog Lemming just out of its natural habitat. The Southern Bog Lemming is preyed upon snakes, hawks, owls, weasels, foxes, coyotes, and bobcats. Michigan State … Macroecological analyses have shown that there is a relationship between range size and body size in modern North American … the southern bog lemming, the northern species has rusty-tipped fur at the base of the ears. Lemmings do not hibernate and instead endure the tough Arctic winters, with the lemming having special protection from the cold from its thick fur. Zapus hudsonius. Despite the rather dramatic changes evinced by some species (e.g., southern bog lemming), other species do not change their range size substantially in response to climate change. This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). Food: They eat green vegetation, grasses, other plant material, and some invertebrates. It is active both summer and winter, and in areas of dense overhead cover is frequently active during the day. Habitat: Grassy fields, bogs, marshes, and forest edges are the preferred habitats of Southern Bog Lemmings. The northern bog lemming is rarely trapped and is one The Norway lemming, Lemmus lemmus, of Scandinavia is best known for its mass migrational behavior. Active primarily at night, the Southern bog lemming is also out in the afternoon and evening. The Southern Bog Lemming prefers boggy habitat and can be common in marshes, meadows and upland forests with a thick humus layer (Linzey 1981). In wooded areas, they occasionally make runways by pushing up leaf mold. 1973, Linzey 1981). Mus. Total Length: 4.5” (the tail measures about 0.75”). It's burrow holes are typically 6-12 inches deep and its home range varies from 1/4 of an acre. Family Dipodidae: Jumping mice. They compete with other small rodents, particularly meadow voles. It has brown and grey fur and a short stubby tail. Large greenish fecal droppings and copious cuttings of grass stems are a good sign of the presence of this small mammal. The Arvicolinae are a subfamily of rodents that includes the voles, lemmings, and muskrats.They are most closely related to the other subfamilies in the Cricetidae (comprising the hamsters and New World rats and mice).Some authorities place the subfamily Arvicolinae in the family Muridae along with all other members of the … Family Murinae: Old World rats and mice. The least weasel (Mustela nivalis), the smallest carnivore, shows Holarctic distribution. Reproduction: Breeding may occur during any month of the year, but at this latitude is unlikely during the … Family … Map developed from published literature, examination of museum specimens, and observations/photographs from trusted sources. Southern bog lemmings have distinctive runways, as piles of grass clippings approximately 8 cm in length are left nearby in addition to their droppings, which are light green in color. This is a state listed species that appears to have experienced population declines, but A. Avram has seen them on numerous occasions in two Lake County locations: Mentor Marsh and Lake Erie Bluffs. brown rat. Southern limits of its reported North American range extend from Montana through the upper Midwest to western Pennsylvania then south along the Appalachians into North Carolina (Hall, 1981; Sheffield and King, 1994). The size of this species is medium with a total length from 119-135 mm and a weight of 26-36 grams. The lemmings spend the winter searching for bulbs and shoots that are often buried beneath the snow. house mouse Mus musculus. meadow jumping mouse. Rattus norvegicus. Family Erethizontidae Additional Information: Like the voles, these rodents construct and use previously constructed runways through grass. Habitat: The Southern Bog Lemming's habitat ranges from wet grasslands, forests, to grassy wetlands. Family Dipodidae. Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic coast of the United States. Family Murinae: Old World rats and mice . Synaptomys cooperi photo credit: animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/ ID Small, robust, short legs, large head, very short tail Long, shaggy fur Mixed brown, gray, and black upper parts with a little bit of dark yellow Silverish gray underparts (Whitaker) Distribution Reproduction Young can be Zapus hudsonius (Zimmermann, 1780) – meadow jumping mouse. The only other species with which a Southern Bog Lemming might be confused is the Pine Vole (Microtus pinetorum); also known as the Woodland Vole. Unlike the southern bog lemming, the northern species has rusty-tipped fur at the base of the ears. If a dead specimen is found, then a groove down the center of each incisor can be seen which helps distinguish this species. Family Dipodidae: Jumping mice . Southern Bog Lemmings have grooves down their front teeth that the voles lack and have shorter tails 3/4 to 1 inch in length. Pine Average longevity for this mammal is less than one year. Southern bog lemmings are covered with thick, brownish fur on their backs that ranges in color from reddish to dark brown and have a grizzled appearance. Southern Bog Lemming, however, with its heavier jaw musculature and broader incisors, may just be adapted for differing species of plants than the meadow vole. The grassy openings and edges of these … Tooth structures must be examined under magnification to confirm identification of the two species. They have relatively large heads and small eyes. specimens of southern bog lemmings, it produced no specimens of northern bog lemmings. Tooth structures must be examined under magnification to confirm identification of the … Jerry Cullen, Southern Illinois University Dan Dawson, University of Illinois Extension Service Anita Descourouez, The Grove Nature Center, Glenview ... southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi. Also, female northern bog lemmings have eight mammae (milk-secreting organ of females), while southern bog lemmings only have six. Also, female northern bog lemmings have eight mammae, while southern bog lemmings only have six. Synaptomys cooperi Baird, 1858 – southern bog lemming. Lemmings are herbivores, and have a varies diet that includes grasses, sedges, berries, shoots and leaves. The northern bog lemming is a small rodent related to gerbils and hamsters, two common house pets. Average longevity for this mammal is less than one year. 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