3 Reasons Why Argentina Has Failed to Bring Down Violence in Rosario, Why Police Reforms Rarely Succeed: Lessons From Latin America. After the country’s return to democracy in the 1980s, civilian governments found it difficult to rein in both the armed forces and police due to a lack of political sway. Seventy-two percent of Argentines and 71 percent of Mexicans think their country’s corruption has grown in the past year. As the recent examples from Los Angeles' to Tokyo2 and from New York3 to Rio de Janeiro4 demonstrate, no police agency is completely free of corruption and police officers-the "blue knights" entrusted and empowered to Corruption is especially likely in the tax administration, public procurement and natural resource sectors. More citizen lobbying and human rights groups will be necessary to end government corruption and further push for the protection of human rights in Argentina’s near future. What are your thoughts? There is not enough separation between the executive and judicial branches, which has led to the country’s continual issues with properly handling crime and enforcing justice. During her time in office, the minister has called for a sweeping reform of the country’s federal police force, replacing the majority of its leadership, and has overseen record drug seizures. After the country’s return to democracy in the 1980s, civilian governments found it difficult to rein in both the armed forces and police due to a lack of political sway. This changed in 2003, when Nestor Kirchner was elected. By Jon Lee Anderso n. June 29, 2016 Save this story for later. A public-private corruption ring has siphoned out some US$36 billion from the productive economy in Argentina and into the pockets of a few, including politicians and businessmen. Argentina is a party to the OAS Anti-Corruption Convention and ratified the OECD Anti-Corruption Convention in 2001. raping a 16-year-old girl in a police station. Yet it’s impossible to know with any precision how many abuses have been buried entirely by the police themselves on top of a chilling estimate like this. Creative Commons Attribution - Noncommercial 3.0 ... Police make about $300 a … In an attempt to address the problem, Fernandez de Kirchner created a new security ministry in late 2010, appointing Nilda Garre as its head. Corruption is a pervasive and widespread practice among police agents in Argentina. The president`s action speaks volumes about the moral ambiguity that has allowed corruption to flourish in Argentina and much of South America. Prison Conditions: Prison conditions in Argentina are very poor. According to Gerardo Netche, lawyer and researcher for the anti-police corruption organization Correpi “there is almost one case of police violence every day,” in Argentina. Argentina has a criminal code in place to prosecute terrorism, as well as police and intelligence units that work to combat terrorist activity in the country. "Ever since independence, almost 200 years ago Argentina's foreign debt has been a source of impoverishment and corruption and the biggest scandals." The arrest of four police accused of murdering a homeless man in order to boost their image illustrates that although Argentina is one of the safest countries in the hemisphere, police corruption and misconduct remain a serious problem. However, Argentina has been heavily criticized for its failure to bring anyone to justice for both the 1992 and 1994 bombings in … Corruption is difficult to measure because most of it is never discovered and/or is not reported. Police and political corruption feed off … We encourage readers to copy and distribute our work for non-commercial purposes, provided that it is attributed to InSight Crime in the byline, with a link to the original at both the top and bottom of the article. “The Borgen Project is an incredible nonprofit organization that is addressing poverty and hunger and working towards ending them.” In the country’s modern history, there has rarely been a decade where some sort of political scandal has not occurred. Criminal activity and corruption amongst police has been a recurrent problem for Argentina over the past 30 years. In his first year in office, Kirchner made a name for himself as a deft politician and a firm defender of accountability and human rights, vowing to comply with “the political and moral obligation to purify all the country’s police forces.” In response to reports of police collusion with kidnapping schemes in the capital, Kirchner ordered a thorough review of the Buenos Aires provincial force as a part of a broader national crackdown on impunity for officers. An Argentine prosecutor, in charge of an investigation into police corruption, was found bound and gagged in his office next to a death threat written in sugar, media reported Wednesday.. Protest march for Alberto Nisman In the third attack on him in four days, Fernando Cartasegna was gagged and tied with his arms and legs bound to his back in his office in La Plata, according to La Nacion. Argentina’s inability to contain a new wave of violent murders in the strategically located city of Rosario has exposed a deeply fragmented criminal landscape and the urgent need for deep reforms to tackle police corruption, a key factor behind the violence. The police force is among the most corrupt institutions in the country and its actions are cited as arbitrary and politicized (BTI 2016; GCB 2013). This changed in 2003, when Nestor Kirchner was elected. Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article. According to figures released in the TI Global Corruption Barometer 2010, two out of every ten Latin-Americans interviewed had paid a bribe in the previous 12 months.. The killing in Argentina of a police officer who spoke out against corruption in the force appears to be the latest in a list of deadly cover-ups orchestrated by dirty officials, and serves as a reminder of longstanding police collusion with organized crime. Unanswered and unnerving questions are … It’s hard to know with precision the extent of corruption within Argentine law enforcement. On February 10, a Buenos Aires judge ordered the arrest of four policemen for allegedly staging the January 2011 murder of Andres Lezcano, who had been working as a paid informant for police on the outskirts of the capital city. On Dec. 3, former Argentinian President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner found herself in a Buenos Aires courtroom defending herself against charges that she had diverted $1.2 billion in public funds. Lezcano, a lower-class drug addict, was apparently targeted because the officers thought no one would miss him after his death. 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